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The function and anatomy of your dog’s eye are similar in most ways to your own. However, some differences are present, including a third eyelid, which provides an added layer of protection.

Eye Drops for Dogs

Even with this extra protection, you may still need eye drops for dogs if any issues arise.

Regardless of breed or age, all dogs have this third eyelid, also known as the nictitating membrane. It can vary in color, with some being more noticeable than others.

Many owners notice the nictitating membrane when their dog is asleep, as they have three eyelids. They can sometimes sleep with two of these open, leaving the third one closed to protect the eye.

It does have the unfortunate side effect of looking a bit like your dog’s eyes have rolled into the back of his head, but don’t worry, they haven’t and are perfectly healthy!

Eye Drops For Dogs: different types and how to pick the right one

Eye Drops For Dogs

Keeping the Eye Healthy

Your pooch relies on his vision to live an independent life, and you may be surprised to hear that eye issues in canines are prevalent.

Often this is caused by the long hair surrounding their eyes getting into their eyes and causing irritation. If this is left to progress, it can, in some cases, lead to infection and blindness.

Dogs have a knack for getting into mischief, and after going for a long hike, your dog may end up with an injury here or there.

It’s important to give him a once over after a long trip or a walk through overgrown botany.

Checking his eyes for signs of discharge, discoloration, or injury will help you to seek immediate veterinary care without allowing a minor issue to progress to a major one.

When it comes to eye issues in dogs, you can never be too careful. It's always best to seek veterinary treatment if you suspect a problem.

RELATED: 7 Eye Problems In Dogs and How To Deal with Them

What’s In Eye Drops for Dogs?

Eye drops are basically a topical ointment for eyes, but of course, you can’t go slathering cream on there – so we use liquid droppers to administer medication or clean the eye.

The ingredients of eye drops vary on the condition that your dog suffers from, with eye drops for dogs available for many conditions.

Dry Eyes in Dogs

Eye Drops For DogsThis condition – known formally as Keratoconjunctivitis sicca or KDS – is characterized by, you guessed it, dry eyes.

This often occurs when your dog doesn’t possess adequate tear film over the eye to keep it well moisturized.

A pretty common issue that is more irritating than painful for your pooch, but if untreated, your dog can easily scratch at his eyes to relieve the discomfort and end up causing significant injury.

Some of the more common symptoms include:

  • rapid blinking
  • protruding third eyelid
  • pus on the corner of the eye
  • pigment change or reddening

Eye Infections in Dogs

When an eye infection is diagnosed, your veterinarian will likely prescribe antibiotic eye drops to be administered at home.

Many veterinarians prefer to start with an antibacterial eye drop or other more natural methods before moving to antibiotics. With antibiotic resistance, it’s important only to use them when necessary.

If your dog has been prescribed antibiotics, you should follow your vet's administering guidelines to a T, as failing to finish a course of antibiotics can leave your dog at risk of re-developing an infection.

In fact, while it seems as though they get a new infection, it’s merely a case of the first infection never fully going away but being dampened down by the antibiotics before striking back when a full course isn’t followed through.

MORE: Eye Infections In Dogs – Diagnosing and Treating Dog Eye Problems

Types of Eye Drops for Dogs

1. Antibacterial Eye Drops

Antibacterial eye drops are the most commonly used eye drops for dogs. They are available to buy over-the-counter at most pet stores or from your local vet clinic.

You can use these on your dog if he has a weeping eye to see if it will clear up without veterinary treatment.

Of course, we do recommend always seeking medical treatment for eye problems, but if you’re on a budget, you can try these eye drops for a day or two first.

2. Steroid Eye Drops

Prescription steroid eye drops for dogs are used to treat inflammation in the eye.

A very delicate organ, the eye can scar easily due to any inflammation, and steroids are an excellent way to protect against vision loss.

More often, we see a combination of eye drops containing steroids and antibiotics, and these are used to treat inflammation and the root cause of it in one fell swoop.

Common Conditions that Require Eye Drops

1. Allergies

Environmental irritants, including pollen and cleaning products, can irritate your dog’s eye, nose, and throat.

If it’s impossible to remove your dog’s exposure to these factors completely – you can manage the allergy symptoms with medication and by keeping his living area as clean as possible.

2. Conjunctivitis

Also known as pink eye, conjunctivitis in dogs occurs when the conjunctiva – the moist area of the under-lid – becomes inflamed.

There are multiple reasons that this can happen, most notably from an allergic reaction or dry eyes.

Symptoms of this condition include:

  • squinting
  • rapid blinking
  • swelling of the area
  • pus seeping from the eye

Treatment for conjunctivitis is ordinarily done by cleaning the affected area and treating it with a combination steroid/antibiotic eyedrop.

3. Epiphora

Not a medical condition per se, epiphora is the name for an overflow of tears from the eye.

A normal, healthy eye will produce tears to keep the eye well lubricated, the excess of which is drained down into the tear ducts – but in this instance, the tears leave the eye and leave your dog with a constant or frequent weeping appearance.

The most obvious sign of this ailment is the obvious wet streaks on your dog’s face, and in time – the red or brown staining in these areas.

A more serious condition may be present, such as development issues with the tear ducts.

Therefore, your veterinarian should be seen, but you can do home management by keeping the area clean and using specific eye drops.

4. Breed-Specific Issues

Certain breeds are more prone to eye conditions; there’s no point in ignoring that fact. The fact of the matter is that, yes, Pugs get tons of eye infections. All of the flat-face dogs do – Pugs, Pekingese, Boxers, Bulldogs, etc…

But, it’s not just these smooshy face fluffballs that have issues. Dog’s with loose facial skin, including St Bernard, Cocker Spaniel, Beagle, and Bloodhounds, suffer from a fair amount of eye problems, poor flopsy-faced pooches.

SIMILAR: Cherry Eye in Dogs – What It Means and How To Deal with It

Selecting The Right Eye Drops for Dogs

Eye Drops For DogsMany different eye drops are available for canine use, many serve the same purpose, but others are only meant for specific conditions and afflictions.

For minor eye irritation, buying over-the-counter medicine is quite acceptable. Still, if your dog suffers from more serious symptoms, you should always consult with a veterinarian before using any medication.

1. Neo Poly Dex Ophthalmic

Used to treat infections and inflammation, this specific eye drop contains two types of antibiotics and asteroids.

Ordinarily applied every two to four hours when using the drops. Still, ointment is also available, which can be applied every eight to twelve hours – both of these, of course, depend on your dog’s specific diagnosis.

2. Terramycin Ophthalmic Ointment

An antibiotic treatment that is commonly used to treat conditions such as conjunctivitis and inflammation of the eyelid.

The drops work thanks to the active ingredient oxytetracycline blocking any bacteria's ability to grow and multiply whilst killing off those present.

Terramycin Ophthalmic Ointment can be used for dogs, horses, and cats, with an average treatment period of around four days.

If you don’t see results at the end of this period, you should discuss other medications with your vet.

3. Gentamicin Sulfate Ophthalmic Solution

Antibiotic treatment for canines suffering from bacterial infections, the active ingredient aminoglycoside binds with any present bacteria and inhibits protein synthesis, which in layman's terms – kills the bacteria!

This treatment cannot be used for animals suffering from a viral or fungal infection and should also be avoided for bitches in pups or those that are lactating.

4.Pet Vision Lubricating & Cataract Eye Drops - 8 ml 

This eye drop is designed for longer-term use for ongoing eye conditions such as incipient and immature cataracts, nuclear sclerosis, and dry eye syndrome.

Ader Enterprises Pet Vision Pet Vision Pro should be applied twice daily for a minimum of thirty days to see a noticeable improvement.

MicrocynAH Ophthalmic Gel

 

5. MicrocynAH Ophthalmic Gel 

MicrocynAH Ophthalmic Gel is a gel used to help prevent or relieve dryness of your dog’s eyes. It provides a base layer over the eye, thus providing added protection while lubricating to remove dryness and irritation.

This ointment is used by applying it on the lower lid and should be administered when necessary.

Depending on the condition or ailment that your dog is suffering from, your veterinarian may be able to give you an idea of how often you may need to reapply.

WATCH: How To Give A Dog Eye Drops – A Step-by-Step Instructional Video

Eye Washes for Dogs

Before administering eyedrops, you must start by cleaning out the affected area, and that goes for every time you re-administer.

Tomlyn Sterile Eye Wash for Dogs and Cats1. Tomlyn Sterile Eye Wash for Dogs and Cats,... 

Manufactured in a human-grade facility, this eyewash helps to relieve discomfort and itching caused by environmental pollutants by helping to sterilize your dog of any pollutants he may have picked up, such as pollen.

Tomlyn Sterile Eye Wash for Dogs and Cats is specifically designed to be gentle on your dog’s eyes by being produced at the same pH level as your pup's own tears.

Burt's Bees Eye Wash Solution for Dogs2. Burt's Bees for Pets Dogs Natural Eye Wash with... 

A gentle saline solution designed to safely clean your dog’s eyes by mimicking your dog’s own tears. Using all-natural ingredients, Burt’s Bees Eye Wash Solution for Dogs avoids any chemical irritants that could end up causing more irritation to your dog.

Use as directed on the packaging by squeezing two to three drops directly into your dog’s eye to clean away any debris or clean out minor scrapes.

FAQs

Can I use human eye drops on my dog?

I know it might seem like the dog's eyes are probably the same as ours, so you assume, “well, why don't I use my eye drops for my dog.

DO NOT use your eye drops on your dog's eyes without consulting your vet first. Medication for dogs almost always different, even if you are treating something as basic as conjunctivitis.

How can I treat my dog's eye infection at home?

If your dog is on other medication that you worry may not mix well with eyedrops, it is possible to make an all-natural eyedrop using just salt and water.

Mix ¼ of a teaspoon of salt with one cup of lukewarm water in a sterile container and use three to four times per day when necessary.

Final Thoughts

Your dog can’t speak up when he’s in pain or uncomfortable, so you must keep an eye on his overall health him.

It can be as simple as doing a quick home checkup every month or so to see if his eyes look cloudy or weepy at all – and this two-minute act could ultimately save his vision.

That might sound dramatic, but I am deadly serious. Pets have gone blind from a minor issue being left to fester and get to the stage where they are beyond repair before an owner realizes something is wrong.

Be the proactive owner that your pets deserve. And hey, don’t worry, administering eye drops for dogs doesn’t have to be a major cause for concern.

It’s a super-easy task that almost always fits in with your current schedule!

Common Questions about Eye Drops for Your Dog

If you want some of the above information in a more concise format, this FAQ should help. It will also answer any lingering questions that dog owners may have about dog eye care.

You Said I Can't Use Human Eye Drops for My Dog… Are there Exceptions?

We already covered this point, but it bears repeating. Dog eye drops are different from human ones. Your eyes are different from your dogs.

Do NOT use human eye drops for your dog. You don't want to cause your dogs suffering accidentally.

There is only one exception to this rule. Only put human drops in your dog's eyes if your vet tells you to do so.

They are familiar with dogs' eyes and know what is safe to use. Otherwise, you put your pooch at risk of irritating eyes or worse.

Can I Give My Dog Over the Counter Eye Drops?

The answer to this question depends on which drops they are if the over-the-counter drops are marketed to humans; NO.

As we already said, human medications, including eye drops, are not for dogs.

If the drops are designed for dogs, then this is another story. It is still best, however, to consult your vet first.

Ocular health is complicated. To avoid issues, you should always consult your vet before putting anything in your pup's eyes.

How Can I Treat My Dog's Eye Infection?

If your dog has a bacterial infection or another type of infection in his eye, you want to consult his vet.

The vet will look at your pet's eyes to determine the problem. Then, he will use that information to determine the ideal treatment for your furry friend.

He will start by taking care of any underlying cause. An example would be removing a foreign body in the eye. The treatment depends on the eye problems.

Options can include eye gel, medications designed specifically to treat your pup's condition, drops, or ointments. The vet may even suggest wearing dog goggles.

If there are secondary infections, your vet will also treat those. Depending on the situation, he may also prescribe your pooch pain medicine.

What Is the Best Eye Wash for Dogs?

Your vet's office can suggest an eyewash for your pup. The best choice will depend on the eye problems in question.

That being said, any of the eye washes listed above are great choices.

What Do Vets Prescribe for Eye Infections?

One of the most common treatments for doggy eye infections is ciprofloxacin. This brand of eye drop treats bacterial infections, including conjunctivitis.

How Can I Easily Give My Dog His Lubricating Eye Drops?

Whether you need to give your pup lubricating eye drops or another type of eye drop or wash, it can be a bit challenging to do so.

Your dog may not be the most cooperative.

Before giving your dog the drops, clean the eyes with a cotton ball and some warm water. Then, tilt his head back slightly.

Put your hand on his head to reduce the risk of movement. Dog owners can also try balancing their hands on their dog's head, so the dropper does not get too close to the eye.

This prevents accidentally hitting the eye with the dropper.

For ointment, you want to follow a similar process.

The difference is that you will need to gently pull your pup's lower lid down so the ointment can go in the pocket you create.

How Can I Prevent Eye Issues in My Dog?

From eye irritation to pink eye to dry eye, you want to prevent eye problems in your dog. The best advice for doing so is to look at your pup's eyes regularly.

Please make sure the pupils are the same size and there is white around his irises. You don't want to see crust, tearing, or squinting.

If you gently pull your dog's lower lids down, they should look pink. If they look white or red, take him to the vet.

It would help if you also were on the lookout for any indications of a possible problem. If you notice yellow, green pus, dry eye, watery eyes, cherry eye, protruding eyes, or corneal ulcers, consult your vet.

He will thoroughly examine your pup's eyes to confirm his ocular health is good.

You can also help reduce the risk of issues by keeping irritants away from his eyes and trimming back long fur by his eyes.

READ NEXT: Top 5 Best Dog Eye Care Products

Eye Drops for Dogs- How to Pick the Right Type