An important part of raising any well-adjusted dog is ongoing socialization training. Without adequate socialization, your dog may grow up to be a fearful or even aggressive dog who is unhappy in their own skin. So, how do you socialize your puppy? We’re glad you asked! We've come up with a puppy socialization checklist to help you with this task.
Socialization is simply the process of exposing your puppy to various situations and stimulus to increase their familiarity with them. For example, taking your dog for a walk around the park exposes them to strangers, children, other dogs, as well as wildlife and sound.
Socialization exposes your puppy to different situations and different stimulus to familiarize them with the diversity of the world around them. A well-socialized puppy can adjust to any foreign situation or stimulus, because they have already been exposed to many different things.
An unsocialized puppy commonly exhibits fear, aggression or shock when confronted with unfamiliar stimuli because they have no concept of diversity. This makes it difficult to have guests in your home or take your puppy with you anywhere.
Socializing your new pet isn't impossible, but it will take time and patience. Follow this puppy socialization checklist and you're sure to have a well-socialized pooch in no time.
Puppy Socialization Checklist
How Do You Socialize a Puppy?
Socialization is about exposure to sights, sounds, and smells to desensitize your dog to the unfamiliar. This should begin with letting your dog see and experience new stimulus.
On the first introduction, it’s important not to overstimulate your puppy. That means a short time of exposure without forced interaction. If your puppy is interested in exploring the situation, let them.
After a few sessions of exposure, work with your puppy to increase their interaction. If they were previously reluctant to explore the situation, encourage exploration. You can do this with treats, by taking part in exploration or tying familiar items to the environment.
Once your puppy is comfortable with minimal interaction, the next step on the puppy socialization checklist is to begin increasing the level of interaction. Invite more in-depth exploration. Ask if people would like to approach your puppy, but remind them that your puppy is shy and new to this situation.
When your pup is more comfortable with minimal interactions in a new environment with new people, invite more involved interaction. Allow strangers to pet your puppy, talk to him and play with him.
When to Begin Socializing Your Puppy
Socialization for a puppy should begin shortly after birth. Young puppies socialize with their siblings and learn how to interact from their mother. As the puppy ages, they are handled by a breeder or rescue worker to expose them to the human touch.
Many breeders and rescues also work with young puppies after their vaccinations to expose them to other animals or situations. This is done to create a more well-rounded dog.
What You Need to Know About Socialization
When socializing your puppy (or any dog) always monitor his body language. If your dog shows any signs of being uncomfortable remove them from the situation immediately.
Signs that your dog is uncomfortable with a situation and should not be pressed include:
- baring teeth
- raised hair on the scruff of the neck or back
- tail tucked between the legs
While it’s important to get your puppy used to new places and people, never push them. Forcing your dog into a fearful situation can cause biting, snapping, a lack of trust in you, and worsening of existing fear.
When to Seek Professional Advice
If your puppy shows significant signs of fear or aggression in response to socialization attempts, call a professional. Not only could someone get hurt, but you could also worsen your dog’s fear. You can find a reputable behavioral therapist by consulting your veterinarian.
The Different Types of Socialization
If your puppy shows no signs of aggression or fear, you can begin the socialization process yourself. There are a handful of situations that every dog should be made familiar with. These include exposure to other dogs, exposure to children, exposure to strangers, and exposure to new and various situations like parks and dog-friendly stores.
5 Tips on How to Socialize Your Puppy
Here are five ideas on how to socialize your puppy with other dogs and people.
1. Puppy Classes
Puppy classes should be the first step on your puppy socialization checklist. But, you can't sign Fido up until he's received all of his vaccinations. This type of class serves many purposes, including:
- your puppy is exposed to other dogs;
- your puppy is introduced to strangers;
- classes are also an opportunity for your puppy to experience groups of people;
- you will bond with your puppy;
- and classes provide your puppy with rules that help him to interact with the world around him.
How do you choose a puppy class? The best way to find a reputable class is to do your research online. You will be able to find plenty of reviews from class members past and present as well as any criticisms.
You will rarely find 100% positive feedback, but you can avoid more disreputable programs this way. Another way to find reputable classes is to ask your veterinarian for recommendations.
2. Doggy Daycare
Once your puppy has a grasp on basic commands and has had their vaccinations, consider enrolling them in doggy daycare. Many recreational doggy day care services exist, but plenty of veterinarians off daycare too.
A doggy daycare is exactly what it sounds like and it offers your dog the opportunity to socialize with dogs of all ages and sizes. This type of socialization is important because it prepares your puppy to meet dogs of various sizes avoiding small-dog-phobia or big-dog-phobia.
3. Dog-Friendly Stores
Dog-friendly stores are extremely beneficial in socializing your puppy because they introduce unique walking surfaces, more strangers, more new dogs, new sounds, new colors and sights, and unique smells!
There are many dog-friendly stores out there if you’re looking for a list, here are 65 to get you started. If your puppy is not up to date on vaccinations OR if there is a local epidemic (like canine flu) you should always keep your dog at home!
No matter how you introduce your dog to children, ALWAYS supervise interactions to keep your dog and the child safe.
Exposing your dog to children while they are young is crucial, failure to do so can result in a dog that is fearful of children. The best way to introduce your dog to children is while they are still quite young.
Supervised visits with family member’s children are a good place to begin. If you do not have children in your family or neighborhood, you can expose your dog to children by taking short visits to the park.
Your dog should be familiar with the idea of strangers. You can socialize your dog with strangers by visiting dog-friendly stores, parks, and by simply walking around the neighborhood.
The aim of introducing your dog to strangers is to desensitize them to various types of people. This will decrease the likelihood that your dog will become reactive to unfamiliar types of people in the future.
RELATED VIDEO GUIDE: How To Train A Dog To Behave Around Kids
The Importance of Situational Exposure
It is just as important to expose your dog to different situations and environments as it is to expose them to different people and dogs. Dogs that experience little change in scenery or are familiar with only a single environment are easily scared, skittish, and may even become fearfully aggressive.
You can avoid this type of fear by introducing your puppy to as many different environments as possible. This step on the puppy socialization checklist should ONLY be done after your dog has received all of their vaccinations, shows no aggression and when your dog is healthy.
Some of the most common places to take your dog to increase his awareness of the world include the park, the dog park, dog-friendly stores, the neighborhood, outdoor patios of dog-friendly resorts, drive-thru’s, hiking trails and, of course, the vet’s office.
A Moment Now Saves a Lifetime of Trouble
Socialization is crucial for any puppy, because it creates exposure to the world. A puppy that receives well-rounded exposure will grow into a dog that has a solid blueprint of the world around them.
A dog without socialization, however, will always be fearful and doubting of their surroundings. It is up to you to follow this puppy socialization checklist in order to provide your dog with the blueprint he will need as an adult.
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