There are many benefits to spaying your dog. With this procedure done, you won't have to worry about your pup going into heat every three weeks. All the complications of spaying that may present, are minimal compared to the possibility of puppies, and the increased risk of diseases.
Furthermore, studies have shown that you can increase her life expectancy by spaying and decreasing her chance of future diseases, including breast cancer and uterine infections.
With all of the benefits of spaying your female dog, it's essential to consider the possible complications once you have decided.
Typically, the potential issues after the surgery include infection, spay incontinence, opening an incision, seromas, and hernia.
A condition will make the incision site red and hot to the touch. It could also cause the incision site to ooze blood or puss.
An infection could occur if your dog excessively cleans or chews at the incision site. Do not allow any other pets in the home to lick the incision site either.
Follow your veterinarian's instructions on keeping the incision site clean to help minimize the possibility of infection.
Usually, internal sutures, or stitches, are used to close the opening from spay surgery, so you will not be able to see visible stitches. Still, if infected or bothered, the sutures could open.
2. Open Incision
Even though the sutures are placed internally, there is a chance for your dog to loosen or break the sutures open. There is a greater risk for infection and a host of other problems by opening the Incision.
Your dog may be able to open her sutures by licking or gnawing on the incision site. She may also open the Incision by tearing or breaking the sutures if she plays hard or exercises too much.
To reduce the risk of your dog opening her Incision after her spay surgery, you may want to use an Elizabethian collar, more humorously known as “the cone of shame.”
This dog cone-like collar attaches to your dog's collar and will prevent your dog from licking or gnawing at the incision site even if you cannot watch her every move.
3. Spay Incontinence
It might take some time for this complication to present itself. Spay incontinence happens because of the drop in your dog's estrogen hormone levels.
Your dog's sphincter muscle is controlled in part by its estrogen hormone.
By decreasing the hormone, your dog may not be able to hold her bladder. This complication is usually seen in dogs from larger breeds.
If your dog is suffering from post-spay incontinence, talk to your veterinarian. The vet will be able to assess the animal and will potentially prescribe her medication.
Supplemental estrogen and herbal supplements are commonly used to help the urinary health of your dog.
Additionally, your veterinarian may suggest that you avoid certain grains, which could upset your dog's urinary tract.
A seroma is a lump or blister that occurs at, near, or under the incision site. Seromas are usually filled with fluid that could be watery in texture and red in color.
If a puss emerges from the area, then your dog might have an abscess.
An abscess is caused by a specific bacteria that has created an infection.
Your veterinarian can adequately diagnose if your dog has a seroma or an abscess by examining the area and taking a fluid sample from the site in question.
Often, seromas are painless and will clear up on their own. If you notice bumps or lumps with oozing puss at your female pup's incision site, you should take her to the veterinarian.
Generally, oozing puss indicates an abscess. Abscesses can be painful to your dog and indicate an infection that needs treatment.
If a hernia on a dog consists of fat only, then your puppy may not experience any pain.
However, some hernias result from organs slipping through the abdominal wall, such as the intestine or bladder.
If your dog has a hernia, it will most likely need surgery to correct the problem.
Sometimes, hernias in dogs can be life-threatening, so if you suspect that she has a hernia, you should return to the veterinarian immediately.
Other Issues to Be Aware Of
In addition to post-spaying surgery complications, it is vital to discuss complications that could happen during the surgery itself.
One possible complication during the surgery is that your female dog has a bad reaction to the anesthesia.
However, there are tests that your veterinarian can do to ensure that she will not have an inadequate response to this.
If you are worried about the possibility of an adverse reaction, or if you know that your dog has had a reaction to anesthesia in the past, it's essential to talk to your vet before starting the surgery.
Keep in mind that spay surgery is an effective procedure for your dog. Once the surgery is complete and your canine is back home, it is crucial to keep her calm, clean, and comfortable.
You do not want to allow your pet to become overly excited or exert themselves. Follow the vet's advice for aftercare to ensure that your dog is comfortable and has the most excellent chance of avoiding possible and dangerous complications.
After the spay surgery, your veterinarian may suggest pain medication and antibiotics.
Pain medication and antibiotics will likely decrease the potential for some of the spay above surgery complications.
To make sure your pup gets the most of their pain medication and antibiotics, follow the dosage recommendations carefully.
The animal may also show signs of post-surgery complications through vomiting, loose stool, panting excessively, or experiencing breathing problems.
If you suspect that your female dog has a complication from their spay surgery, get her back to the veterinarian as soon as possible to prevent any further damage or worse issues.