There are many benefits to spaying your dog. With this procedure done, you won't have to worry about your pooch going into heat every three weeks, and all the complications that may present, the possibility of puppies, and the increased risk of diseases.

Furthermore, studies have shown that you can increase her life expectancy by spaying, and by decreasing her chance of future diseases, including breast cancer and uterine infections. With all of the benefits to spaying your female dog, it's important to keep in mind the possible complications that could occur once you have made the decision. Typically, most possible issues that could happen after the surgery include: infection, spay incontinence, opening an incision, seromas, and hernia.

1. Infection

sutured incision on a young dog's lower abdomen a day after spay surgeryYou should check your female pup for infection no less than twice each day. Infection will make the incision site become red and hot to the touch. It could also cause the incision site to ooze blood or puss.

An infection could occur if your dog is excessively cleaning or chewing at the incision site. Do not allow any other pets in the home to lick the incision site either.

Follow your veterinarian’s instructions on how to keep the incision site clean to help minimize the possibility of infection. Usually, internal sutures, or stitches, are used to close the opening from a spay surgery, so you will not be able to see visible stitches, but if infected or bothered the sutures could open.

2. Open Incision

There is a chance, even though the sutures are placed internally, for your dog to loosen or break the sutures open. By opening the incision there is a greater risk for infection as well as a host of other problems.

Your dog may be able to open her sutures by licking or gnawing on the incision site. She may also open the incision by tearing or breaking the sutures if she plays hard or exercises too much.

To reduce the risk of your dog opening her incision after her spay surgery you may want to use an Elizabethian collar, more humorously known as “the cone of shame.” This dog cone-like collar attaches to the collar that your dog already wears and will prevent your dog from licking or gnawing at the incision site even if you are not able to watch her every move.

3. Spay Incontinence

Spay IncontinenceThis post spay complication does not show up immediately after your dog’s surgery. In fact, it might take some time for this complication to present itself. Spay incontinence happens because of the drop in your dog’s estrogen hormone levels.

Your dog’s sphincter muscle is controlled in part by their estrogen hormone. By decreasing the hormone your dog may not be able to control her bladder. This complication is usually seen in dogs from larger breeds.

If your dog is suffering from post-spay incontinence, talk to your veterinarian. The vet will be able to assess the animal and will potentially prescribe her medication. Supplemental estrogen as well as herbal supplements are commonly used to help the urinary health of your dog. Additionally, your veterinarian may suggest that you avoid certain grains which could upset your dog’s urinary tract.

4. Seromas

A seroma is a lump or blister that occurs at, near, or under the incision site. Seromas are usually filled with fluid that could be watery in texture and/or red in color. If there is puss that emerges from the area then your dog might have an abscess.

An abscess is caused by a specific bacteria that has created an infection. Your veterinarian can properly diagnose if your dog has a seroma or an abscess by examining the area and taking a sample of the fluid from the area in question.

Often times, seromas are painless and will clear up on their own. If you notice bumps or lumps that have oozing puss at your female pup's incision site, you should take her to the veterinarian. Generally, oozing puss indicates an abscess. Abscesses can be painful to your dog and can indicate an infection that needs treatment.

5. Hernia

HerniaA hernia will look like a lump protruding from the abdomen near the incision site. If a hernia on a dog consists of fat only, then your pooch may not experience any pain; however, some hernias are the result of organs slipping through the abdominal wall, such as the intestine or bladder.

If your dog has a hernia, they will most likely need surgery to correct the problem. Sometimes, hernias in dogs can be life threatening so if you suspect that she has a hernia you should return to the veterinarian immediately.

Other Issues to Be Aware Of

In addition to post spaying surgery complications, it is important to discuss complications that could happen during the surgery itself.

One possible complication during the surgery is that your female dog has a bad reaction to the anesthesia. However, there are tests that your veterinarian can do to ensure that she will not have a bad reaction to this. If you are worried about the possibility of a negative reaction, or if you know that your dog has had a reaction to anesthesia in the past, it's important to talk to your vet prior to the start of the surgery.

Keep in mind that a spay surgery is a major procedure for your dog. Once the surgery is complete and your canine is back home, it is crucial to keep her calm, clean, and comfortable. You do not want to allow your pet to become overly excited or exert themselves. Follow the vet's advice for aftercare to ensure that your dog is comfortable and has the greatest chance of avoiding the possible and dangerous complications.

Top 5 Possible Complications After Spaying Your DogAfter the spay surgery, your veterinarian may suggest pain medication and/or antibiotics. Pain medication and antibiotics will likely decrease the potential for some of the aforementioned spay surgery complications. To make sure your pup gets the most of their pain medication and antibiotics, make sure to follow the dosage recommendations carefully.

The animal may also show signs of post-surgery complication through vomiting, having loose stools, panting excessively, or experiencing breathing problems. If you suspect that your female dog is having a complication from their spay surgery, get her back to the veterinarian as soon as possible to prevent any further damage or worse issues.

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